Mission Zero Waste – Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban)
India generates more than 53 million tons of solid wastes annually. It is a huge amount of waste to handle, however only 25 to 30 % of it is collected and processed, causing serious environmental issues.
Under the Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban), Government of India is approaching,"Mission Zero Waste"aiming at sound management of the solid wastes generated in the country with special focus on Reduce, Reuse and Recycle (3Rs). “Mission Zero Waste” promotes resource efficiency that allows materials to be used over and over thereby eliminating the need of landfills. “Mission Zero Waste” is expected to create a momentum among all the cities, industries and other stakeholders to look at waste as the resource. “Mission Zero Waste” complements the Swachh Bharat Mission of Government of India aiming at fostering creativity, innovation, green business, eco-education & consumerism. It starts with “I” and “I” stands for India.
Government of India has launched Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) on 2nd October, 2014 with the target to make the country clean by 2nd October, 2019. The Mission covers all 4041 statutory towns/cities as per 2011 census. The components eligible under SBM are (i) Household toilet, (ii) Community toilets, (iii) Public toilets, and (iv) Solid Waste Management (v) IEC and Public Awareness and (vi) Capacity Building and Administrative & Office Expenditure (A&OE). The aim of the Mission is to provide 100 % sanitation including toilet facilities to the urban population of the country. The projects will be implemented involving substantial private sector investment, contribution from beneficiaries and Government incentive/support in form of Viability Gap Funding (VGF).